the Most terrible weapon of the infantryman in the battlefield, at the request of chitaty

Published: 7.4.2018
flame thrower: the most terrible weapon of the infantryman in the battlefield

Since ancient times people felt not only mystical fear of fire, but also tried to direct it against enemies. Fiery ditches before fortresses, an arrow and a spear with the burning tips, the catapults throwing tubs with the flaring oil is not a full list of the weapon preceding emergence of a modern flame thrower which in 1913 was invented by German Richard Fidler. This engineer, by his own words, bridled pure flame (a clean flame) and made it operated that allowed to turn fields of World wars of the 20th century in the most real Dantov hell.

of Kleinflammenwerfer, that is rantsevy "the small flame thrower of Fidler", was transferred by one infantryman. He threw out fire stream on 18 meters and was calculated for 2 minutes of the general time. As contemporaries described, the ognemetchik before the next shot changed the ignition device as former just burned down. More powerful models - Grossflammenwerfer beat further, but only 40 seconds worked. They were so heavy that they were carried by two infantrymen.

On July 30, 1915 at 3 o'clock in the morning the German ognemetchik were unexpectedly attacked by the British troops near the cemetery Houge Krater (Belgium), having burned in total 751 Englishmen, including 15 officers. After this success the German army took of a flame thrower advantage on all fronts. Special groups of six soldiers in whom one device was served by two fighters were created. It became soon clear that the military profession of ognemetchik is accompanied by huge risk. Not only that cylinders blew up spontaneously, so still soldiers with characteristic satchels behind shoulders were exposed to massive firing as soon as appeared under review. Hit in captivity to the furious enemy guaranteed cruel death to an ognemetchik too. Thus, the soldier's life with the devices Fidlera on fronts of the 1st World war seldom exceeded two fights.

Today flame throwers are in arsenals of almost all armies and, most likely, will be used as the weapon of a devil alive burning people for a long time.

Already then the killing practicality of flame throwers did not raise doubts at military experts. The easier and, so the flame thrower became more mobile, the lethality from its application was higher. In particular, these devices began to apply to "burning out" of infantry out of direct visibility - just "shot" a flame at a strengthening aperture, for example, through windows home where the defending soldiers sat down. Even when the stream did not achieve the objectives, enemy fighters choked, left without the burned-down oxygen. Soon there was a so-called "wet shot" when at first fuel was sprayed, then there was an ignition, causing effect of a huge fiery sphere. By the end of 1917 flame throwers began to install on tanks, and this innovation was transferred to the 2nd World war.

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Generally antediluvian flame throwers were applied in the 5th century B.C. and represented long pipes through which the burning coal poured on the head of enemies or the flaring oil poured out. But only on the eve of World War I the German engineer Richard Fidler embodied the devil idea of extermination of the opponent the directed stream of the burning fuel - and so that attacking did not get burns. He presented a prototype of the flame thrower in 1901, but was refused the General Staff of Kayzerovsky army. Nevertheless the inventor did not recede and in 12 years convinced the German military that his two models - small and big flammenwerfer (it is translated from German - a flame thrower) can be are very useful at war.

The French in turn developed rantsevy model of the Schilt system, having taken the German trophy flame thrower as a basis. Germans also did not do nothing and improved Kleinflammenwerfer, having called the new easy device Wex M1917. In the 1st World war they carried out about 650 effective attacks by flame throwers. As for the French, there are no exact data on the number of successful application of Schilt.

In the 2nd World war Germans, strangely enough, it is limited applied flame throwers in fights. In the 3rd Reich believed that the strategy of blitzkrieg will not allow the enemy to build strengthenings and to be late long in entrenchments as it was in the 1st World war. Besides, the military profession an ognemetchik was considered as very dangerous. Nevertheless in an arsenal of fascists there were 10 various models. The Wehrmacht used devil weapon in the Soviet Union for terrible repressions against civilians or for destruction of the cities freed by the Red Army and sat down, first of all, in 1944 within the Nazi of the program of "scorched earth".

Within preparation for fight on Somme in 1916 the British constructed four huge flame throwers weighing nearly two tons everyone. These devices threw out the directed flame towards the enemy on 80 meters. They were brought in parts and secretly collected in 50 meters from the German entrenchments. It is necessary to tell that Germans marked two installations and destroyed them before British and the French. Soon it became clear that the advantage of stationary fire-spitting giants was almost not as the mobility and compactness were bargaining chips of the devices Fidlera.

Then the American M1 and M2 models which became history thanks to terrible photos awful consequences of their application against Japanese "became famous". All Yankee was put in the troops by 25 thousand flame throwers. But it were unreliable devices, often the American ognemetchik set fire to the directed stream the personal Zippo lighter.

A series of flame throwers Sq.m was it is improved and it was actively applied in the Korean war, but in 1956 it was replaced with M9A1 model. Subsequently this flame thrower was widely and terribly used in Vietnam where underground tunnels of Vietnamese created to soldiers of U.S. Army the same problems, as Japanese the bunker during the 2nd World War. Americans said that M9A1 was incredibly effective in offensive operations in districts of the Vietnamese villages in which houses are built of dry reed.

Germans for the first time applied these models in October, 2014 against the French troops, having caused in those medieval horror. Paris called the German wonderful weapon non-Christian, crossing any moral border. Nevertheless the Entente, eventually, too adopted a flame thrower. In general its introduction was in the spirit of the 1st World war when warring parties regularly raised the level of the cruelty.


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