Updating: different methods and their essence

Published: 13.6.2019
artificial insemination: different methods and their essence

The most widespread side effect at EKO - polycarpous pregnancy. Develops at each 3-4 patients. The reason is that for increase in probability of attachment of an embryo they are placed a little (usually 2-3). There is a probability that all of them will get accustomed. Experts can remove "superfluous", but in this case the risk of rejection remained subsequently (abortion) increases.

Depending on the reason of impossibility of natural conception, experts offer one of methods:

Contraindications for EKO are:

The cost of EKO is available not to everyone, but it is chance to deceive the nature. Modern reproductive technologies give it to the infertile women, married couples dreaming to become parents. There is a lot of options, experts select suitable individually in each case.

The patient appoint the hormonal medicines stimulating maturing of several follicles at the same time (superovulation). Their development is controlled by means of ultrasonography, their diameter, endometrium thickness is measured. Then they are taken from ovaries under control of ultrasonography by means of a needle through a vagina. It is the safe procedure, does not cause complications, do it under anesthesia.

After introduction of an ovum two times a week it is necessary to control the level of hormones (on blood test). Approximately in 14 days check whether there occurred pregnancy. Usually do the test. In some clinics blood test is for this purpose made. In three weeks after replanting of an embryo it is possible to carry out ultrasonography. Probability that artificially impregnated ovum will get accustomed is about 35%. That is in one case from three there occurs pregnancy.

9 of 10 women who became pregnant by means of artificial insemination safely bear children. Childbirth after EKO takes place the same as usual. The way depends on a condition of the woman, a fruit, existence of complications of pregnancy.

Before handing over sperm, future father needs sexual abstinence about 3-5 days. Material can be frozen for the purpose of use through some time. If viable spermatozoa cannot be received in the natural way, them do a fence by means of operation or a puncture under anesthetic.

Complications at EKO come very seldom in the form of extra-uterine pregnancy (up to 3% of cases), development of infections (up to 2%), bleedings in the course of a harvesting of ova. In 2-15% of cases there is a syndrome of hyper stimulation of ovaries as reaction to the medicines accelerating maturing of follicles. Is followed by feeling sick, an abdominal distension, pains. At timely detection it is successfully adjusted.

Fertilization happens in special liquid in a test tube in vitro. In several days the embryo is investigated, reveal presence of chromosomal diseases. Modern technologies do possible already at this stage to define a sex of future child. Then for achievement of the best result not one, but 2-3 ova place in a uterus cavity by means of a flexible catheter under anesthesia or without it.

At a material intake at the patient of ova it can appear more, than it is necessary. Such circumstance does possible donorship of female gametes. It is very important for patients at whom for any reasons of ova is not present, for example, after operation on removal of ovaries, at a menopause. That women agreed to be donors, for them EKO cost falls usually.

Artificial insemination is applied if it is impossible to cure infertility. For example, if at the woman uterine tubes are removed or their passability, after extra-uterine pregnancies is broken. Also it is shown at different forms of infertility at men.

Patients at whom it did not turn out from the first can try again. EKO is considered the safe procedure. Sometimes pregnancy occurs only from the tenth attempt. Unfortunately, experts cannot give an absolute guarantee that artificial insemination will be successful.

Today about twenty percent of couples should solve an infertility problem, that is impossibility to conceive the child long time (year) at regular sexual contacts without use of contraceptives.

The children conceived by means of artificial insemination do not differ from other kids. There is an opinion that they cleverer, but are ill more often. Experts draw a conclusion that it is connected with special parental attention and guardianship over such children.

The reasons of failures can be different. For example:

At a preparatory stage inspection is necessary. The woman makes blood test for determination of level of hormones and also on a rubella, herpes, toxoplasmosis, chlamydias, dab from a neck of the uterus on cytology, ultrasonography of women's bodies, dairy and a thyroid gland, a kolposkopiya. Both partners are examined on urogenital infections, RV, viral hepatitises, HIV. The man needs to make a spermogram.

Men can become donors of sperm. The rights for the child conceived artificially from a cage, the person who gave it has no. Donorship anonymously. Take gametes only from absolutely healthy people.

Depending on the reason the corresponding treatment of one or both partners is carried out. In some cases it is not possible to eliminate infertility. Such couples nevertheless have an opportunity to become biological parents - artificial insemination.

Source: http://avon-on-line24.ru

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