Why in the West are afraid of robots, and in Japan - no, life hack

Published: 25.11.2018
why in the West are afraid of robots, and in Japan - no

Not only Japanese watched Evangelion in the childhood. In this animation animated film the future in which cars and people merge in cybernetic ecstasy is represented. Watching battles of robots, we also became obsessed dreams of bionic superheroism. Robots were always a part of the Japanese mentality. Astro Boy, for example, even officially entered in the list Niiza's inhabitants, to the north from Tokyo, and it is a serious feat. Japanese not only are not afraid of robots - they look forward to them.

the Fear to be overthrown oppressed or to become oppressed somehow dominated in consciousness of those who from the very beginning were in power during an era of slavery and a slave trade. And though in Japan there was also somewhat slavery, it was not widespread commercially.

The general idea that Japanese accept robots easier, than inhabitants of the West, is quite widespread today. Osama Tetsuk, the Japanese animator and the creator of Atom Boy, noted communication between the Buddhism and robots, having said: "Robots do not carry out differences between the person, the highest being and the world around him. Everything is interfaced, and we easily accept robots together with the wide world around us, insects, rocks - all this is uniform. We have no doubtful attitude towards robots, as to pseudo-people which you can find in the West. Therefore you do not find resistance, simply quiet acceptance". And though Japanese, of course, at first were landowners, and then passed into an industrial era, led influence of Shintoism and Buddhism to the fact that Japan kept many rituals and customs of the ancient periods.

It is easy to guess why shepherds and farmers arrived at an idea that people - special, but AI and robots can set us on other right track, set thinking that people are only one of examples of manifestation of consciousness and that special position of mankind - exaggeration. Instead of being guided by the person, it is necessary to develop respect, emotional and spiritual dialogue with all things.

Yuval Noah Harari, the Israeli historian, describes the concept "mankind" as something that developed in our system of beliefs when we turned from hunters collectors into shepherds and farmers, and then capitalists. When we were the first hunters collectors, the nature did not belong to us, we were only its part, and today many people still live in this system of beliefs. Indigenous Americans listen and speak with the wind. Hunters often use rituals for connection with production and predators in the forest. Many cultures of hunters collectors, for example, are deeply connected with the earth, but have no traditions of possession of the earth.

Followers of Shintoism, unlike iudeo-Christian monotheists and Greeks to them, do not consider that people in something "special". Instead spirits as some Force soar in "Star Wars" everywhere. The nature does not belong to us - we belong to the nature, and spirits live in everything, including stones, tools, houses and even empty space.

Not that inhabitants of the West had no friendly robots - to take the same R2-D2 or Rosi from Dzhetsonov. But in comparison with Japanese we are afraid of robots more. Perhaps, a difference in different religious contexts, history and also the attitude towards robots commercially.

The historian Ibram H. Candy describes a debate of times of a colonial era in America about whether it is necessary to turn slaves into Christian belief. The British right said that Christian it is impossible to work, and many owners of plantations were afraid that they will lose the slaves if those become Christians. Therefore claimed that barbarians black too to become Christians. Others claimed that the Christianity will make slaves more obediently. In effect, these disputes concerned that, will reduce or will increase a Christianity gift submission of slaves. (The idea of permission of spirituality in a root is alien to the Japanese culture because everything has a spirit, and it cannot be taken away or presented).

The western concept of "mankind" is limited, Joy Ito, the editor of Wired of the Japanese origin considers. He also suggests to think seriously over a question whether we have the right to use the environment, animals, tools or robots just because we are people, and they do not.

Only when people began to be engaged in livestock production and agriculture, we had an idea that we own and we dominate over other things, over the nature. The concept that something - the rock, a sheep, a dog, the car or the person - can belong to the person or corporation, is rather new idea. In many respects it is the main idea of "mankind" which does people by special, protected class and, in the course of it, obeschelovechivat and suppresses everything that is not a person or does not live. The dehumanization and a concept of property and economy generated large-scale slavery.

Many influential people in the West (among which white - the majority) publicly express the fears to rather potential ability of robots to enslave people. Many of the same people also competing in speed try to construct robots who will be rather capable for this purpose to try to retain control over them until it is made by others. To convert to Christianity, however, robots yet not собираются… but it so far.

In the 1980th he participated in the meeting organized by Honda Foundation at which the Japanese professor came to a conclusion that Japanese integrate robots in society more successfully because of local religion of Shintoism which remains official national religion of Japan.

As the researcher from MIT Media Lab Kate Darling notes, there are many proofs that people experience emotions and respond to operations of social robots - even unreasonable. Here we have to treat it very seriously. We negatively perceive when someone pushes or offends the robot. It is an antropomorfization and we should think as violence over the robot leads to violence over the person.

If to carry out communication between slaves and robots, it is possible to think that slaves or descendants of slaves are dehumanized that is especially dangerous during an era of wars of words and symbols. It is not so much about a humanization and a dehumanization how many about a problem of creation of an exclusive class - people - which we justify oppression, ignoring and operation.

Now technologies are on turn when we need to think that robots can have the rights and as it is correct to code them and to protect. To imagine that our relations with robots will be same, as at characters "Star wars" - with C-3PO, R2-D2 and BB-8, a little fondly.

Replacement of the oppressed people with the oppressed cars will not correct fundamentally incorrect order which developed for many centuries. Shintos believe that it would be advisable to look at the "primitive" system of beliefs. Development and evolution of machine intelligence can be considered as "expanded intelligence", but not artificial, menacing to the person.

In process of creation of rules it is also right for robots, to us, most likely, it will be required to agree about them before we learn how they will influence society. Similar to how the golden rule teaches us to concern others as we would like that we treated them, violence and a dehumanization of robots will have an effect on further generations.

At the West, professor continued, things have no spirits and feelings, and anthropomorphism when human attributes are transferred to things or animals, it is considered children's, primitive or even bad. He claimed that luddites who broke automatic weaving looms which took away from them works in the 19th century a striking example of it are in Japan to robots treat rather as colleagues, than enemies.

Source: http://avon-on-line24.ru

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